Ongoing research projects
Living as a Survivor: A Study of the Political, Social and Economic Integration of Tsunami Survivors
- Duration of the project: 2022 - 2026
- Funding: 5 Million SEK (The Swedish Research Council)
- People involved: Lina M. Eriksson (PI, UU), post doctor Kalle Ekholm (UU), collaborating researcher Kåre Vernby (UU-SU).
SPARC: Stakeholder participation for climate adaptation – data crowdsourcing for improved urban flood risk management
SPARC is a 4-year research project funded by FORMAS on cloudburst flood risk and its management. The project involves a trans-disciplinary project group including Karlstad University, Lund University, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, City of Malmö, Karlstad municipality, and City of Gothenburg.
The objectives of the project are:
- To develop systematic management of crowdsourced data for rain and flood characteristics, and to enhance resolution and accuracy of existing official rain data from SMHI and Swedish municipalities.
- To validate the significance of high-resolution input data on the performance of two hydraulic models: LISFLOOD and HEC-RAS.
- To increase the knowledge of flood damage to the built environment and to establish a method for systematic and secure damage data collection.
- To assess and communicate the use of small-scale flood adaptation measures as a way for property owners to be part of a space-for-water approach to reduce flood risk for themselves and their communities.
The I-CISK project will innovate existing climate services by integrating the local data and knowledge, perceptions and preferences of users with research based scientific knowledge. I-CISK will develop next-generation climate services that follow a social and behaviourally informed approach for co-producing climate services that meet the climate information needs of citizens, decision makers and stakeholders at the spatial and temporal scale relevant to them. Thus, I-CISK will contribute towards a sustainable European economy, lifestyle, environmental protection and resource use, resilient to climate change and compatible with achieving climate neutrality.
Development of risk assessment methods for cloudburst damages
In the field of disaster risk management, risks are often seen as a combination of hazard and vulnerabilities. Applied on cloudbursts, the hazard is represented by rainfall amount, its intensity and the resulting water level, while the vulnerability is determined by the assets in the area affected by the cloudburst, such as buildings and infrastructure. Geographical factors such as the shape of the terrain play a role because the topography determines where and how fast the water flows. Prior research on rainfall damages in Sweden mainly focused on the hazard but in this project the vulnerabilities of the built environment will be in focus.
The proposed project aims to develop methods for assessment of damages and costs caused by cloudbursts in Sweden and its results can be used as support in decision-making processes on risk reducing and climate adaptation measures.
When it rains it pours: Biogeophysical drivers and societal responses to compound natural hazard events in Sweden
Climate change increases the risk of extreme natural hazard events, such as wildfires, extreme precipitation events and floods. Society is generally well prepared to effectively respond to single natural hazard events, but less is known about the ability to cope with compound natural hazard events, that is, several events occurring simultaneously or sequentially. This project aims to: (i) develop an integrated map of natural hazard events in Sweden, (ii) explore causal chains of compound events, and assess social vulnerabilities in exposed areas, and (iii) assess collective capacities to achieve effective collaboration in planning and response to mitigate the effects of these compound events.
Method for prioritizing and assessing the benefits of climate adaptation measures – the right action in the right place and in the right order
- Duration of the project: 2020-2023
- Funding: 3 M SEK (Trafikverket (Planera)
- People involved: Yvonne Andersson-Sköld, Lina Nordin, Erik Nyberg, Khaldoon Mourad and more at VTI and a reference group including experts at Trafikverket, SGI, and Chalmers Geotechnic, that will be expanded through the course of the project.
The Transformative Potential of Extreme Weather Events: Triggers for Disaster Risk Reduction and Development [TRAMPOLINE]
Extreme weather events inflict major losses and disproportionally affect lower income countries, yet conditions for accelerating implementation of public policy for disaster risk reduction (DRR) are poorly understood. The TRAMPOLINE project aims to investigate extreme hazard events as potential triggers for changes in DRR policy and development. Utilizing data on DRR policy from 2007-2018, a new dataset of climate extremes and disasters, interviews, and public sources, the project will document the extent to which these events prompt policy change worldwide and assess whether variations can be explained by income-levels, event magnitude, regular exposure, diffusion effects, agenda-setting, political mobilization, and learning.
Improved reliability and survivability of mechanical wave energy subsystems
Offshore renewable energy, in terms of offshore wind, wave, and tidal energy, is expected to become an important contribution to the future sustainable and fossil-free energy system. Whereas offshore wind turbines are being installed at shallow water depths at a rapid speed around the world, ﬂoating offshore wind, wave, and tidal energy are less mature technologies. Ensuring reliability for these systems still poses a challenge, in particular during storms and other extreme weather events. In this project, extreme offshore wave conditions are identified, and survivability and resilience of wave energy converters in these conditions is studied using numerical and experimental methods.
- Duration of the project: 2019-2022
- Funding: 5 M SEK (the Swedish Energy Authority)
- People involved: Malin Göteman (PI, UU), Eirini Katsidoniotaki (UU), Jens Engström (UU), Anna Rutgersson (UU), Erik Nilsson (UU), Zahra Shahroozi (UU), Claes Eskilsson (RISE), Pär Johannesson (RISE), Johannes Palm (Chalmers/Sigma Energy & Marine), Edward Ransley (University of Plymouth, UK), and more.
High pressure microfluidics for environmental analyses
High pressure analytical chemistry is used for detecting chemical hazards in environmental chemistry. Today, such analyses are made at central laboratories and personnel needs to taker sample, administrate them and wait for results from the central laboratory. We intend to build technology that enables portable analytical systems suitable for environmental monitoring. This will ease decision making, allow for more samples to be tested and reduced samples to be validated at central laboratories. Examples of use are leaching of heavy metals and arsenide from deposits or contaminated grounds in flooding.
- Duration of the project: 2018 - 2023
- Funding: CNDS, Kamprad Fam. Foundation, Faculty funding
ERC Project HydroSocialExtremes: Unraveling the mutual shaping of hydrological extremes and society
Droughts and floods affect more than 100 million people per year, and cause thousands fatalities and dramatic losses. Humans respond and adapt to the impacts of floods and droughts, while influencing (deliberately or not) their frequency, magnitude and spatial distribution. The dynamics resulting from this interplay, i.e. both response and influence, remain still poorly understood, and current risk assessment methods do not explicitly account for them. Thus, while risk reduction strategies built on these methods can work in the short-term, they can generate unintended consequences in the long-term. HydroSocialExtremes aims to unravel the mutual shaping of society and hydrological extremes, and develop new methods for planning risk reduction measures.
- Duration of the project: 2018-2023
- Funding: 20 Million SEK (European Research Council Consolidator Grant)
- People involved: Giuliano Di Baldassarre (PI, UU), Frederike Albrecht (SEDU), Hannah Cloke (UoR), Sara Lindersson (UU), Maurizio Mazzoleni (VU), Tamara Michaelis, Elena Mondino (UU), Johanna Mård (UU), Vincent Odongo (SEI), Elena Ridolfi, Maria Rusca, Elisa Savelli (UU)
Extreme events in the coastal zone – a multidisciplinary approach for better preparedness
The overarching scientific questions to be addressed in this project are: To what extent does climate change alter the occurrence of extreme events, including storms, storm surges as well as heavy precipitation, and the severity of their impacts in the coastal zone; how can improved modelling lead to better preparedness, help mitigate consequences to society, and to understand key uncertainties; and what is the most effective method of communicating these risks to society?
- Duration of the project: 2018-2022
- Funding: 9.5 Million SEK (The Swedish Research Council Formas)
- People involved: Anna Rutgersson (PI, UU), Martin Drews (co-PI, DTU), Pasha Karami (co-PI, SMHI), Erik Nilsson (UU), Johanna Mård (UU-CNDS), Waheed Iqbal (UU), Elin Andree (DTU), Linus Wrang (UU-CNDS), Kevin Dubois (UU), Kiri Campbell, Ole Kleinschmidt (DTU)
Resilience in Sweden: Governing, Social Networks and Learning
The project will study how society can handle the impacts of a changing climate and remain resilient. Resilient here meaning an ability to retain steering and control and society's vital functions. The research will contribute to societal utility by increasing the knowledge and understanding of societal resilience, but also through concrete and practical advice on what actions that is needed in terms of changed or reformed legislation, decision making processes, models of collaboration, and organizational structures.
Atmospheric rivers - key features for understanding extreme hydrometeorological events
Atmospheric rivers are long narrow bands of large integrated water vapor transport in the troposphere. At land fall they are usually associated with extreme conditions in terms of wind and precipitation. There is a growing interest in atmospheric rivers, concerning their regional impacts on water availability, the modulation by climate variability and their representation in weather and forecast models. Air-sea interaction processes are major modulators, (i) in the source area over the large oceans and by (ii) coastal processes at land fall. How atmospheric rivers interact with surface conditions and coastal features is to a large extent unknown. The ultimate goal of the project is to quantify the importance of air-sea interaction on atmospheric rivers for better prediction of extreme events in the coastal zone.