POLICY ISSUE INTERDEPENDENCIES IN ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE
The ability to effectively resolve complex environmental problems hinges upon the capacity to address several different challenges in concert. These challenges (policy issues) interdependency has been extensively theorised in the literature, yet few methodological approaches and little empirical evidence exist to translate the concept of policy issue interdependency to the on-the-ground realities.
CNDS fellow, Daniel Nohrstedt (Uppsala University) and his col-leagues, raise a key question for future research would reinforcing (win-win) or counteracting (trade-off) interdependencies be easier to comprehend and act on for policy actors.
FOUNDATION OF NATURE RESERVES AFTER DISASTERS
CNDS fellow, Magnus Johansson (Karlstad University) has discussed four different record-breaking disasters during 1992–2014 in Sweden, where the idea of setting up reserves has been advanced in the aftermath, but with slightly different results in relation to attitudes about nature conservation and modes of remembering. The article primarily discusses the phenomenon against theory formation around disaster memorials and window of opportunity for change and concludes that the local population's attitude to the reserve formation plays a big role for the plans to be implemented.
CONTOUR APPROACHES TO ESTIMATING EXTREME WAVES
A study conducted by CNDS fellows, Eirini Katsidoniotaki, Erik Nilsson, Anna Rutgersson, Malin Göteman and Linus Wrang (Uppsala University), together with their colleague, generated 50-year environmental contours for four study sites located in the North Sea, Skagerrak and the Baltic Sea by considering both observations and hindcast (model) data. The study showed that the contours may differ substantially depending on the site and method, and thus care must be exercised when using hindcast data for such purposes.
RISK PERCEPTION IN INFLUENCING FLOOD LOSSES OVER TIME
CNDS fellows, Elena Ridolfi, Giuliano Di Baldassarre (Uppsala University) and Frederike Albrecht (Swedish Defence University), use a stylized, socio-hydrological model to simulate the mutual feedbacks between human societies and flood events. The study suggests that flood losses are substantially reduced when awareness-rais-ing attitudes are promoted through inclusive, participatory approaches in the community. It also illustrates how predictions formed through social science theories can be applied and tested in hydrological modelling.